This small town owes its name to the presence of numerous brick (in old Italian "laterizi") kilns that characterized the Etruscan and Roman periods. The Laterina Castle was founded in the eleventh century, when the fear for the 1000 AD year coming and the barbarian invasions drove the populations who were settled in the plain near the Arno on this hill, in order to design new buildings in a safer position.
Laterina was a fortification of considerable importance because of its geographical position as the middle ground between nearby Arezzo and Florence, the powerful: the strategic importance was not lost in Arezzo that since 1250 he tucked under his control our castle and then decide to make it a "fortified land" in 1272 against the expansion of the Florentine Guelphs in Valdarno; but in 1288 Florence conquered it and built the beautiful fortress. After ups and downs, it was here in Laterina that in 1348 Arezzo, defeat, was finally handed over to Florence with a treaty of submission, signed in the castle of Laterina.
The old town is built around the square on which stands the Church of Saints Ippolito and Cassiano, on the side of the building is very interesting remains of a mosaic from the old church. From the top of the hills a picturesque view of the countryside to discover the rural architecture represented by the numerous cottages and houses Leopold, with the characteristic "dovecote", an expression of tradition and rural culture typical of this valley. In December there is a particular crib exhibition that takes place in the historic center; memorable and definitely recommended the Medieval Festival which is held every year on the last weekend of July!